Saturday, October 19, 2019

How Unsuitable Diet Contributes to Illness & Diseases Assignment

How Unsuitable Diet Contributes to Illness & Diseases - Assignment Example It will require determination and discipline to gradually learn and become familiar with nutrients per food item. Then careful, intentional planning of what to purchase, cook, and eat will have to be practiced. This research paper simulates nutrient requirements per age and sex assuming an activity level that is low. It also took random samples of the usual food intake and computed the nutrient contents. This was thereafter compared with RDIs corresponding to the person involved considering their ages, sex, and sample favourite meals. Results of random sampling showed an imbalance in one or more nutrients per day. This means there is a need for planning ahead about what meals to take the following days in order to balance the nutrients and prevent a build up of excess nutrients. Introduction Last year, Dr. Brewer, Sarah (2011) reported an alarming report about the most common causes of death in UK. She said that the majority or a total of 70,196 was due to heart disease and over 25% was due to various types of cancer. Such diseases could have been prevented for a much longer number of years if proper diet and lifestyle were followed. Heart failure is a result of having a malnourished heart with dead cells. Eating at least one gram of fish with Omega 3 instead of smoking could maintain a healthy heart. Dr. Sharma, Rekha (2009) also recommended proper diet as one of the major guidelines. She was referring to low-fat intake, especially saturated fats and cholesterol, and less salt (less than 6 grams per day, preferably 2.3 gms. or less) or less salty food because these two cause hypertension. Furthermore, alcohol should be taken in moderation. And every person should exercise about 30 minutes per day. This paper focuses on poor diet as cause of a variety of diseases. It explains why unsuitable diet leads to different possible diseases. Aim With the aim of discovering what are the common reasons why improper diet or unplanned food intake results in meeting one or m ore diseases, this research paper seeks to forewarn people from all walks of life about failure to care about the right nutrition and combination of food to meet recommended dietary requirements. Because there are many possible combinations of food to meet the needed nutrients, the tools (mostly web links to programs) that can assist a person to determine the right alternatives are included in this project. Hypotheses The dietary requirements of individuals vary depending on the age, sex, and activity. Considering recommended daily intake (RDI) based on each of these demographics, calculations that are based on the findings of the Institute of Medicine Food and Nutrition Board, can be done to arrive at the needed calories, carbohydrates, protein, fat, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. There have been many scientific studies showing results of deviations from following the RDI or simply the result of lack of diligence to indulge in regular health maintenance. Such results can range from obesity, hypertension, heart diseases, malfunction of one major part of the body, to serious ailments like cancer, diabetes, and even early death Null Hypothesis Age, sex, and activity don’t matter in determining the proper diet that will avoid diseases. Another is that determining whatever should be taken will be too difficult for most people. And diseases happen by chance. These are the null hypotheses. Apparatus / Equipment Using

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